Gallery of Modern Art
Galleria di Arte Moderna
 
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Antonio Ciseri
Ecce Homo - Pilate presenting a scourged Jesus to the people of Jerusalem
1871
 
 


Since 1924, the Gallery has been arranged on the second floor of the Pitti Palace and extends as far as the rooms an the facade used by the Medici for the palace library and the side wings used for children and retainers. It was founded in 1914 and initially comprised works of art brought in from the Academy of Fine Arts. The current museum collection comprise thirty rooms that trace a wide chronological arc: from the time of Pietro Leopoldo up to the First World War. The tour organised in chronological order and by historical-topical category, attempts to furnish the visitor with a clear view of the histories of the various core collections and enable a correct reading of the diverse atmospheres, marked as they are by the personal tastes of the royal families alternating in their reigns. Today it has a very special juridical nature due to a convention signed by the Italian State and the Municipal Administration of Florence.

The thirty rooms of the Gallery have recently been reorganised, according to chronological criteria, Down a period of time going from Neoclassicism (the age of Peter Leopold) to the 1920' s. The rooms on the second floor have been restored, but the decoration, upholstering and furniture of the Lorraine period have been maintained.

The itineray begins with both Neoclassic works like the "Oath of the Saxons to Napoleon" by Pietro Benvenuti and romantic works like the grandiose "Entry of Charles VIII" by Giuseppe Bezzuoli or "The two Foscari" by Francesco Hayez. There are also many fine sculptures of the same period like "Calliope" of Antonio Canova, "Psyché" by Pietro Tenerani and the famous "Abel" by Giovanni Dupré. The collection includes a vast assortment of paintings based on historical subjects that document one of most significant aspects of the first half of the 19th century culture. These comprise works by Sabatelli, Pollastrini or by Stefano Ussi with his famous "Expulsion of the Duke of Athens". Yet the paintings that most characterise the Gallery are those of the Macchiaioli, the famous Tuscan artists of the mid-19th century that set out the premise for a wide-scale innovation at a national level. This section comprises important works by Giovanni Fattori, like the "Rotonda Palmieri", the "Battle of Magenta", the “Staffato”, and a rich series of landscapes and scenes of life in the Maremma (the "Market in Maremma", the "Ox cart", the "Salto delle pecore"). Many of the works of these artists displayed in the Gallery belong to the collection of Diego Martelli, a critic and friend of the Macchiaioli who left their paintings to the museum at the end of the last century.

There are also many paintings by Silvestro Lega and Telemaco Signorini with views and interior scenes, while Giovanni Boldini is represented with a series of his rapid and elegant portraits. The sculptures of this section include the works by Adriano Cecioni, who lucidly translated and experimented the tonal ideas prevalent to whom the touch was so important.

In addition to the above-mentioned collections belonging to the early and late 19th century, the Museum also displays a lavish collection of 19th century works that will be arranged in the so-called "Mezzanino degli Occhi" (Mezzanine of the Eyes, the “eyes” being windows in the shape of a circle.


Pietro Tenerani
Psyche Abandoned
1816
Silvestro Lega
The Starling's Song
1860
Giovanni Fattori
The Stirrup
1880
Silvestro Lega
Collecting Roses
1862
 
Stefano Ussi
The Expulsion from Florence of the Duke of Athens
1861
Telemaco Signorini
Leith
1881
   
 
Giovanni Fattori
The Battle of Magenta
1861 - 1862
 
Giovanni Fattori
Mary Queen of Scots to the Camp of Crokstone
1861
Scipione Vannutelli
Mary Queen of Scots to the Scaffold
 
Edoardo Gelli
Portrait of Bruna Pagliano
1904
Odoardo Borrani
The Mournful News
1880
 
Odoardo Borrani
Sand Diggers in the Stream Mugnone
1880
Augusto Bastianini
Sand Diggers in the River Arno
 
Plinio Nomellini
Noon
1920
Silvestro Lega
A Walk in the Garden
1870
 
Antonio Ciseri
Portrait of the Sculptor Giovanni Dupré
Beatrice Ancillotti Goretti
Self-portrait
 
Silvestro Lega
Under the Pergolato
1868
Giovanni Boldini
Portrait of Cristiano Banti
1866
 
Cristiano Banti
Meeting in the Country
1861
Giovanni Boldini
Portrait of Alaide Banti
1860
 
Telemaco Signorini
Grasslands in Pietramala

Adriano Cecioni
First Steps
Chalk
1869
 

Adriano Cecioni
Child with a rooster
Chalk
1868

Child with a Rooster
Copy in bronze
at the Philadelphia Museum of Art
 
Inside the museum
Inside the museum
 
 
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